Public Affairs Pamphlet No. 85
Copyright 1946 by Public Affairs Committee Inc.
March 5, 2014
It is missing pages 16 and 17. This is supposed to contain the 'most controversial part' of the pamphlet.
An uncensored version can be found at http://babel.hathitrust.org/cgi/pt?id=mdp.39015035399206;view=1up;seq=1
I am unsure whether or not I can re-post any of the image directly from that site, but the text is public domain. It reads:
THE RACES OF MANKIND
It is the study of racial superiorities and inferiorities, therefore, which is most important in race relations. This investigation, to have any meaning at all, must get evidence for and against the man who says, “I was born that way. My race is proof that I am the better man.” It must be an investigation of what is better and what is worse in traits passed down by inheritance. Such traits are, by definition, racial. The first thing we want to know scientifically is what traits a man is born with and what things happen to him after he is born. If he is lucky after he is born, he will have good food, good care, good education, and a good start in life; these are not things of which he can boast: “I was born that way.”
A man learns the language he speaks. If he'd been born of Nordic parents and brought up from infancy in China, he'd speak Chinese like a native and have as much difficulty learning Swedish when he was grown as if he’d been born of Chinese parents. He wasn't “born” to speak Cockney English or to speak with a Brooklyn accent; he speaks the way people around him speak. It's not a racial trait; he didn't inherit it.
Customs Not Racial
Differences in customs among peoples of the world are not a matter of race either. One race is not "born" to marry in church after a boy-and-girl courtship, and another race to marry “blind” with a bride the groom has never seen carried veiled to his father’s house. One race is not “born” equipped to build skyscrapers and put plumbing in their houses and another to run up flimsy shelters and carry their water from the river. All these things are “learned behavior,” and even in the white race there are many millions who don’t have our forms of courtship and marriage and who live in shacks. When a man boasts of his racial superiority and says that he was “born that way,” perhaps what he’s really saying is that he had a lot of luck after he was born. A man of another race might have been his equal if he’d had the same luck in his life. Science insists that race does not account for all human achievements.
The most careful investigations of intelligence have been made in America among Negroes and whites. The scientist realizes that every time he measures intelligence in any man, black or white, his results show the intelligence that man was born with plus
[image subtitled with "ANYONE CAN LEARN ANY LANGUAGE."]
what happened to him since he was born. The scientist has a lot of proof of this. For instance, in the First World War, intelligence tests were given to the American Expeditionary Forces; they showed that Negroes made a lower score on intelligence tests than whites. But the tests also showed that Northerners, black and white, had higher scores than Southerners, black and white. Everyone knows that Southerners are inborn equals of Northerners, but in 1917 many southern states’ per capita expenditures for schools were only fractions of those in northern states, and [end of page]
Hope this helps, as I sure didn't type it up for fun.
December 19, 2013
seeking copyright info for college prof working on book
HI, I would love to speak with whoever uploaded this to see if they have any more information that would help in tracking down who holds the rights for this piece. I am helping a professor at SUNY Binghamton track down image permissions for a book they are working on. This would help immensely. Please contact me.